ALLIED SPECIAL FORCES MEMORIAL GROVE

ALLIED SPECIAL FORCES MEMORIAL GROVE - Garden 5 - Royal Marine Boom Patrol Detachment
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Memorial 55.
Royal Marine Boom Patrol Detachment
Cockleshell Heroes - "Operation Frankton" 1942

Just outside the Sun Room is a wooden seat carved into the symbolic shape of a 15ft. by 2ft. 6in. Cockle Mark II canoe as used by the Royal Marines during "Operation Frankton" in 1942. This seat and the two memorial plaques commemorate the Royal Marines who took part and the French civilians who assisted them during their escape attempts after the successful raid.

 COCKLESHELL HEROES  COCKLESHELL HEROES

"The Not Forgotten"

“Catfish” Major Hasler & Marine Sparks ~ Both escaped after the raid and survived the war.
“Crayfish” Cpl. Laver & Marine Mills ~ Betrayed after raid, captured and executed.
“Cuttlefish” Lt. MacKinnon & Marine Conway ~ Capsized, captured and executed.
“Coalfish” Sgt. Wallace & Marine Ewart ~ Capsized, swam to shore, captured and executed.
“Conger” Cpl. Sheard & Marine Moffatt ~ Capsized, towed to near shoreline, but lost at sea.
“Cachalot” Marine Ellery & Marine Fisher ~ Canoe damaged on HMS Tuna, returned to base.
“Reserve” Marine Colley ~ Returned to base from Submarine.

 ROYAL MARINE BOOM PATROL DETACHMENT

“Per Mare, Per Terram” ~ “By Sea, By Land” (Royal Marines Motto)


Vice-Admiral Lord Mountbatten 1942
‘I knew it would be certain death for the gallant men who took part,
unless brave men and women of the Resistance Movement in France came to their rescue.’


Memorial 56.
L'affaire Française -«Les Anglais se souvenir de ça!!»

En mémoire éternelle de ces braves Français qui ont aidé les Royal Marines à atteindre leur mission avec succès et finalement leur fuite vers la liberté, alors qu'ils ont continué à mener la résistance.

 ROYAL MARINE BOOM PATROL DETACHMENT

M. Yves Ardouin
Mme. Jeanne Baudray
Mlle. Anne-Marie Bernadet
M. Olivier Bernard
M. Cadillon
M. Cheyreau
M. Alibert Decombes
Mme. Amelie Dubreuille
M. Armand Dubreuille
M. Fernand Dumas
M. Rene Flaud
M. Pierre Gacis
M. Lucien Gody
M. Louis Jaubert
Mme. Louise Jaubert
M. Andre Latouche
Mme. Malichier
Mlle. Alix Mandinaud
M. Rene Mandinaud
Mlle. Yvonne Mandinaud
M. Jean Mariaud
M. Edouard Pariente
M. Clodomir Pasqueraud
Mme. Irene Pasqueraud
M. Marc Pasqueraud
M. Yves Pasqueraud
M. Robert Pouget
M. Georges Rieupeyrout
Mme. Rouillon
M. Francois Rouillon
M. Maurice Rousseau
M. Rene Rousseau
Mme. Marthe Rullier
and many more!



Memorial 57.
"The Man Who Never Was" Memorial"

Operation Mincemeat was a successful British deception operation of the Second World War to disguise the 1943 Allied invasion of Sicily. Two members of British intelligence obtained the body of Glyndwr Michael, a tramp who died from eating rat poison, dressed him as an officer of the Royal Marines and placed personal items on him identifying him as the fictitious Captain (Acting Major) William Martin. Correspondence between two British generals which suggested that the Allies planned to invade Greece and Sardinia, with Sicily as merely the target of a feint, was also placed on the body.

Part of the wider Operation Barclay, Mincemeat was based on the 1939 Trout memo, written by Rear Admiral John Godfrey, the Director of the Naval Intelligence Division and his personal assistant, Lieutenant Commander Ian Fleming. With the approval of the British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill and the military commander in the Mediterranean, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the plan began by transporting the body to the southern coast of Spain by submarine and releasing it close to shore, where it was picked up the following morning by a Spanish fisherman. The nominally neutral Spanish government shared copies of the documents with the Abwehr, the German military intelligence organisation, before returning the originals to the British. Forensic examination showed they had been read and Ultra decrypts of German messages showed that the Germans fell for the ruse. Reinforcements were shifted to Greece and Sardinia before and during the invasion of Sicily; Sicily received none.

 HMS SERAPH  HMS SERAPH
 HMS SERAPH  HMS SERAPH

The effect of Operation Mincemeat is unknown, although Sicily was liberated more quickly than anticipated and losses were lower than predicted. The events were depicted in Operation Heartbreak, a 1950 novel by the former cabinet minister Duff Cooper, before one of the agents who planned and carried out Mincemeat, Ewen Montagu, wrote a history in 1953. Montagu's work formed the basis for the 1956 British film 'The Man Who Never Was'.



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